Types of Condensers

Introduction

In this post I’m going to discuss condensers. There is a wide variety of condensers out there, each one with specific qualities. For the Amateur Chemist it is important to own at least one, for general distillations and refluxes. However, funds to buy one may be low, so it’s also important to choose wisely.

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How to: Water Flow in Condensers

Introduction

Many reactions require the use of a condenser. Any fluid-cooled condenser needs, obviously, a liquid coolant. The most common one is cold water.

What I want to address here is: how to create a flow of said coolant inside the condenser? Surprisingly, the most common and accepted way of doing so is by conecting the condenser to a water tap, open said tap and let the water flow. In my opinion, this method is  straightforward bad.

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