Production of Fuming Nitric Acid

Introduction

Nitric Acid is an extremely useful chemical and one of the three most used mineral acids in any common lab (the others being Sulfuric Acid and Hydrochloric Acid). It can be used to produce nitrate salts and to nitrate organic compounds. It has some nice properties which are illustrated in another post.

It is usually available as a 68% solution (azeotropic concentration). Such solutions are usually referred to as Azeotropic Nitric Acid. Solutions of Nitric Acid with concentrations greater than 86% are referred to as Fuming Nitric Acid. The name comes from the fact that said solutions fumigate when an air stream is applied.

Continue reading

Synthesis of Lead(II) Nitrate

Introduction

Lead(II) Nitrate is a soluble compound of Lead, and so, a reliable source of Pb2+ ions. It is also an easy and interesting compound to make. I’m going to use it, in a future post, in an attempt to produce anhydrous Nitrogen Oxide gas (NO2/N2O4).

Continue reading

Nitrations

Introduction

Nitration is a common lab reaction. The theory behind it is a bit complex and I’m going to use this reaction in various synthesis. Because of it, I decided to write a post just about the theory behind Nitrations. Thus, any time I need to use it I can reference this post for a deeper explanation of the process.

Continue reading